Installing Debian and Proxmox on a Hetzner server.

Updated 5 months ago Published 4 years ago
For this example i shall be using a dedicated server from Hertzer A shout out to Hertzer if your looking for cheap and beefy dedicated hosting then these guys are your best bet.
Setting up the Hertzer server
This guide assumes your server has Debian 8 (Jessie installed)
Config when tested
Intel Core i7-920
HDD2x HDD 2,0 TB SATA EnterpriseRAM
6x RAM DDR3 8192 MB = 42 GB
Step one - Install Proxmox
You will begin by creating a new apt source for Proxmox
vim /etc/apt/sources.list.d/proxmox.list
Once you have added the new apt soource you will add the repo key
wget -O- "" | apt-key add -
You will now need to update the system repos
apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade
Now you will need to install the Proxmox VE kernel
pve-firmware pve-kernel-4.4.8-1-pve pve-headers-4.4.8-1-pve
Now reboot the machine to load in the new kernel,
Once the machine is in an up state you can install core the main Proxmox application.
apt-get install proxmox-ve
Once again reboot your machine, When the machine is once again in an upstate you will be able to access the web-ui for proxmox https://{YOUR_IP}:8006/. You will be able to login with your root credentials.
WHOLLA you have Proxmox installed and running, You you will need to configure all the networking.
Step two - Configure the internal network.
Your eth0 interface should have already been pre-configured
auto  eth0
iface eth0 inet static
  address   PUBLIC_IP
  gateway   GATEWAY_IP
  # default route to access subnet
  up route add -net NET_IP netmask gw GATEWAY_IP eth0
Now we will need to create an internal network for virtual machines to connect and communicate with, This will be the backbone of the entire cluster. We will accomplish this by creating a linux bridge.
auto vmbr0
iface vmbr1 inet static
    bridge_ports none
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_fd 0
    post-up iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s '' -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
    post-down iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -s '' -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
Now that we have the interfaces configured we need to configure the host server to act as our router, As such we need to make sure the kernel has packet forwarding enabled.
vim /etc/sysctl.conf
Only alter/uncomment these lines

Lastly you will need to ensure we dont send ICPM redirect messages
vim /etc/sysctl.conf
I need to give a shout out to this helped me massivly trying to figure this out
Finally reboot the host and your good to go !
Step three - Creating some virtual machines.
Now you have your host networking setup your ready to create your virtual machines, for this setup we will be creating a cluster of 3.
The layout will be,

We will be using ubuntu 16.04 for each node, to start ssh into your main Proxmox box and download the Ubuntu ISO the Proxmox template directory, This is so Proxmox can see the ISO to mount it.
cd /var/lib/vz/template/iso
mv ubuntu-16.04.1-server-amd64.iso?_ga=1.150784255.852713614.1480375703 ubuntu-16.04.1-server-amd64.iso
You will now be able to select this ISO when you create your VMS.
Now login to your Proxmox web-ui https://{MAIN_IP}:8006/ with your system credentials.
- Input the hostname, e.g node-01 - For OS select linux 4.X/3.X/2.6 - For CD/DVD select from the ISO select menu your downloaded ISO - For Hard Disk i recommend 200GB per VM, Space permitting. - For CPU use 1 core, Cpu spec permitting. - For Memory 4GB, Again memory permitting. - For Networking select NAT mode - Then confirm
Now you will also need to add one more network adapter, This adapter will utilize the bridge we created in the previous section.
- Select the new VM from the "Server View" - Find the Hardware option - Select "Add" and select "Network Device" - We need a "Bridged mode" interface, select bridge vmbr0. - Change the "Model" to Intel E1000. These are issues with the standard virtualised network drivers. - Add
Now you can turn on your VM.
Install ubuntu as you normally would, By be sure to use the NAT adapter when you install. We will configure the Bridge adapter later.
You will need to repeat this step three times for each VM. Or you can create a template from the first VM you created and clone it three times.
Step four - Configure VM Network
Once ubuntu is installed you will need to setup the networking for each VM. Connect to node-01 with VNC from the web-ui and login.
Next you will need to configure the adapters, Open up /etc/network/interfaces
vim /etc/network/interfaces
auto ens18
iface ens18 inet dhcp
Your NAT adapter should have already been configured for you, We will now add the Bridged adapter. Add the below to the config.
vim /etc/network/interfaces
auto ens19
iface ens19 inet static
Now restart the networking service
sudo serivce restart networking
Try to ping the Hertzer host
If you are able to ping the host then !! It worked, Your Virtual machine is connected to the main host via the network bridge with its own adapter.
You can confirm this by connecting to the new VM with an SSH tunnel through the hertzer host
ssh -A -t root@{MAIN_IP} ssh -A -t {VM_USER}@{ADDRESSS}
You will need to first input the hertzer hosts password then your new VMS credential. if everything was setup properly then you should be able to SSH into your new VM.
This model uses the NAT adapter to connect to the internet, But you could remove the NAT adapter and just use the private network and use as the network gateway.
You will need to repeat this for each of the VMs assigning each VM a diffrent IP.
You now have a 3 node VM cluster connected via a private network that you can ssh into.